Rabigh is an ancient town on the western coast of Saudi Arabia, along the Red Sea in the Makkah Region.
Geography and Climate
Rabigh is located on the east coast of the Red Sea, north of the equator between latitudes 22/23 on the Tropic of Cancer. Thus, it experiences extreme heat in summer. The temperature rises somewhat in winter as well. The temperatures begin to rise in month of April & reach maximum between July to September often reaching beyond 45 degrees Celsius. The climate is characterized by high relative humidity, especially in the summer. It also experiences short sudden rain showers due to extreme humidity.
Its population is around 180,352 according to the most recent government census. Typical of a multicultural society, most recent immigrants are from all over the Arabian peninsula and settling down, intermarriage creates new family ties for the burgeoning community.
Rabigh has one state-run hospital (named “Rabigh Hospital“) that offers a wide arrange of health-care services but does not have the ability to perform major surgeries. There are also four small general private healthcare centres (Al Nakheel National Clinic, Al Amal Medical Center, Al Bishri PolyClinic and Dr. Kh. Idris Polyclinic) .
Rabigh has many schools for both boys and girls at all levels and private schools. There is a Rabigh branch of King Abdul Aziz University (with headquarters in Jeddah), and another college that has many departments, such as: Language (Arabic and English), Computer Science, Engineering and Medicine.
Rabigh has several industries such as a factory of Arabian Cement, an electricity station that supports Makkah & Madinah , large refinery belonging to Saudi Aramco and Rabigh PlusTech Park the first Industrial estate for conversion industries in Saudi Arabia .
The refining operations in Rabigh have increased significantly as Aramco, in joint venture with Sumitomo Chemical of Japan, has built a new petro-chemical plant, Petro Rabigh. Once this 3,000-acre (12 km2) refinery is completed, it will be the world’s largest petro-chemical plant.
Also about 40 km from Rabigh a new city named King Abdullah Economic City is under construction under the leadership of “The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud”. While the planned city, first announced in 2005, would be fairly small (168 km², 50 km in length) it will be an important landmark in Saudi Arabia. The project cost is estimated at about 100 Billion SAR (US$26.67 Billion). “The project is part of the Kingdom’s US$500-billion investment program to build six new cities that double as housing and commercial hubs for the country’s young and growing population. The hope is the new centres will be home to five million people by 2020 and create one million jobs.